The Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) has been commissioned by the Government to carry out a partial review of the shortage occupation list, to determine whether there is a shortage of teachers or teachers in specific subjects that it would be sensible to fill through non-European Economic Area (EEA) migration.
The UK operates a Points Based System (PBS) for migration to the UK from outside the EEA, which was introduced in 2008. It consists of five tiers:
Tier 1: investors, entrepreneurs, and exceptionally talented migrants.
Tier 2: skilled workers with a job offer in the UK.
Tier 3: low-skilled workers needed to fill specific temporary labour shortages. Tier 3 has never been opened.
Tier 4: students.
Tier 5: Youth mobility and temporary workers. This route is for those allowed to work in the UK for a limited period of time to satisfy primarily non-economic objectives.
The Tier 2 (General) immigration route includes:
- the resident labour market test (RLMT) route, which enables employers to bring in a worker from outside the European Economic Area (EEA) once they have shown that there is no suitably qualified worker from within the UK or the EEA available to fill a specific vacancy, and
- the shortage occupation route, which enables employers to apply to bring in workers from outside the EEA without going through the RLMT if the occupation is on the Tier 2 shortage occupation list. The shortage occupation list details the occupations and job titles held to be experiencing a labour shortage that could be sensibly filled using non-EEA labour.
All Tier 2 (General) migrants must earn an annual salary of at least £20,800. The salary threshold normally increases each year in line with wage inflation.
Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.
For professional legal advice on the issues discussed here, or on any other UK immigration law matter, contact our expert immigration lawyers today.